Our monthly blog on skin care

The importance of Exfoliation

Are you worrying about your skin looking dull? Is your skin showing signs of aging? You can still follow a simple tip to feel younger again, such as exfoliation.
Did you know that your natural cellular turnover slows down as you age? This means more skin problems such as dryness and fine lines. Therefore, you need to exfoliate your skin twice per week to remove the dead skin cells. You must have heard the importance of exfoliation but you might not know the right way of exfoliation, which can actually harm your skin barrier.
There are 3 main signs that your skin shows when you’re not using the required exfoliator. The first sign is that your skin might look flaky and dull, and that’s happening because of the dead skin cells forming up on your face. The second sign is that you might feel the need to use more products because the build-up of dead skin cells is affecting the effectiveness of the products. The last one is when your skin might look drier due to the disrupted skin barrier. As high pollution levels and sun exposure destroys the upper layer of your skin, it can cause your skin to dry up. Do you notice these signs on your skin? It’s high time you choose the right exfoliant for your type of skin and peel those dead skin cells away. And we have that covered for you in this article (1).
To know the right type of exfoliants for your skin, you must know how to differentiate between them. There are two types of exfoliants that you should know about:
● Chemical exfoliants
● Physical exfoliants (Mechanical exfoliants)
The chemical exfoliants include acids and enzymes. You don’t have to manually move them around your face as they just sit on your face and do their work.
Physical or Mechanical exfoliants include sugar scrubs, coffee grains, walnut shells, apricot scrubs. These are mainly old-school and might cause damage to your skin. Meanwhile, using a tool to scrub your skin might cause more damage to it. You have to be very gentle while using these exfoliants, as a little more pressure can make you regret it.
The most recommended exfoliant is a chemical exfoliant, especially for middle-aged women. This is because both physical and mechanical exfoliant is harsher on the skin. Rather than protecting your skin from dirt and dead skin, it will damage it. Be very gentle with your skin. Treat it with utmost care. There are some pieces of evidence that the use of chemical exfoliants has proved to be less irritating and smooth for the skin, making their skin glow (1) (2).
Excess of anything can be harmful, and over-exfoliation can cause damage to the skin, making it more dry and saggy. Harsh exfoliation can cause small tears into the skin, and leave scars on your skin. Make sure the chemical exfoliants you are using should include ingredients like lactic acid, Vitamin E, Glycolic acid, AHA, BHA, or iron oxide (3,4). They will help in keeping your skin moist, hydrated, plump, and youthful.
Well, if you think that having a scrub or any of the natural scrubbing agent is enough to have a clear skin, well it is not true. Skin care is always the dermatologists concerns while undergoing such facials at home or any beauty saloon. It is advised to be gentle on your skin, no matter which scrub are you using. Apart from it is also mandatory to wash your face with luke worm water after scrubbing. Many people start scrubbing the face without any preliminary inspection. That’s wrong too. Always check for skin tear or sun burn and avoid applying on that patch.
It is recommended to consult your dermatologist if you have any underlying skin conditions. Make sure to call an emergency office in case of an allergic reaction to any of these ingredients.

1. Yang S. 3 Signs You’re Not Exfoliating Enough If You’re Over 40 [Internet]. Who What Wear. 2020 [cited 2021 Oct 14]. Available from: https://www.whowhatwear.com/best-face-exfoliators-for-mature-skin
2. Ross M. Body Scrubs: 30 Organic Homemade Body and Face Scrubs, the Best All-Natural Recipes for Soft, Radiant and Youthful Skin. CreateSpace; 2015. 54 p.
3. Nolan K, Marmur E. Moisturizers: Reality and the skin benefits [Internet]. Vol. 25, Dermatologic Therapy. 2012. p. 229–33. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8019.2012.01504.x
4. Ledger WJ. Aging Genital Skin and Hormone Replacement Therapy Benefits [Internet]. Textbook of Aging Skin. 2015. p. 1–8. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27814-3_26-2